By Witold Gombrowicz
Witold Gombrowicz (1904-1969), novelist, essayist, and playwright, was once essentially the most very important Polish writers of the 20th century. A candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1968, he used to be defined via Milan Kundera as “one of the nice novelists of our century” and by means of John Updike as “one of the profoundest of the overdue moderns.”
Gombrowicz’s works have been thought of scandalous and subversive by way of the ruling powers in Poland and have been banned for almost 40 years. He spent his final years in France instructing philosophy; this ebook is a sequence of reflections according to his lectures.
Gombrowicz discusses Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Sartre, and Heidegger in six “one-hour” essays and addresses Marxism in a shorter “fifteen-minute” piece. The text—a small literary gem packed with sardonic wit, marvelous insights, and provocative criticism—constructs the philosophical lineage of his work.
Witold Gombrowicz is the writer of Ferdydurke, Trans-Atlantyk, Pornografia, and Cosmos, the 1st to be had from Yale collage Press. those, with his performs and the three-volume Diary, were translated into greater than thirty languages.
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Extra info for A Guide to Philosophy in Six Hours and Fifteen Minutes
As you see, such metaphysical systems have a rather fantastic structure. Even when the systems collapse, they are useful in understanding reality and the world a little better. This idea of the progress of reason in Hegel is achieved through a dialectical system which is of the greatest importance today and which expresses itself somewhat this way. Each thesis ﬁnds its antithesis at a higher de- 38 philosophy in six hours gree. This synthesis appears anew as a thesis and ﬁnds its antinomy, etc.
Therefore, premeditated. Another ﬂaw in abstract reasoning, and it is dramatic for the mind. Because of this, reasoning is not possible. Under these conditions, how can existentialist reasoning, or a philosophical system like that of Heidegger or Sartre, be possible? *Stefan Zeromski (1864 –1925), Polish novelist and dramatist. 49 witold gombrowicz Husserl’s phenomenological method came to the aid of the existentialists. Heidegger was Husserl’s favorite pupil. Husserl never forgave Heidegger for having proﬁted from phenomenology for totally different ends, thereby creating the ﬁrst existentialist system.
One can see that existentialism moves into structuralism. The Being in itself can be neither created by someone, nor active or passive (since these are human ideas). The Being in itself is opaque. He is as he is, that is all one can say, he is immobile. He is not subject to creation and temporality, and cannot be inferred from something (like created by God). The Being in itself is a being about which nothing can be asserted, except that it is in itself such as it is (a little like God). 56 philosophy in six hours Curious thing, the Being for itself, human existence, is somehow inferior to the Being in itself.
A Guide to Philosophy in Six Hours and Fifteen Minutes by Witold Gombrowicz